Научная электронная библиотека
Монографии, изданные в издательстве Российской Академии Естествознания

List and Descriptions of the Categories of Psychological Disorders

The following list of psychological disorders includes the major categories of psychological disorders listed in the Diagnostic and Statistical Manual of Mental Disorders as well as several examples of each type of psychological disorder.

Adjustment Disorders

This classification of mental disorders is related to an identifiable source of stress that causes significant emotional and behavioral symptoms. The DSM-IV diagnostic criteria include:

- (1) Distress that is marked and excessive for what would be expected from the stressor and

- (2) Creates significant impairment in school, work or social environments.

In addition to these requirements, the symptoms must occur within three months of exposure to the stressor, the symptoms must not meet the criteria for an Axis I or Axis II disorder, the symptoms must not be related to bereavement and the symptoms must not last for longer than six months after exposure to the stressor.

Anxiety Disorders

Anxiety disorders are those that are characterized by excessive and abnormal fear, worry and anxiety. In one recent survey published in the Archives of General Psychology, it was estimated that as many as 18 % of American adults suffer from at least one anxiety disorder.

Types of anxiety disorders include: Generalized anxiety disorder, Agoraphobia, Social anxiety disorder, Phobias, Panic disorder, Post-traumatic stress disorder, Separation anxiety

Cognitive Disorders

These psychological disorders are those that involve cognitive abilities such as memory, problem solving and perception. Some anxiety disorder, mood disorders and psychotic disorders are classified as cognitive disorders. Types of cognitive disorders include: Alzheimer’s disease, Delirium, Dementia, Amnesia

Developmental Disorders

Developmental disorders, also referred to as childhood disorders, are those that are typically diagnosed during infancy, childhood or adolescence. These psychological disorders include: Mental retardation, Learning disabilities, Communication disorders, Autism, Attention-deficit hyperactivity disorder, Conduct disorder, Oppositional defiant disorder

Dissociative Disorders

Dissociative disorders are psychological disorders that involve a dissociation or interruption in aspects of consciousness, including identity and memory. Dissociative disorders include: Dissociative disorder (formerly known as multiple personality disorder, Dissociative fugue, Dissociative identity disorder, Depersonalization disorder

Eating Disorders

Eating disorders are characterized by obsessive concerns with weight and disruptive eating patterns that negatively impact physical and mental health. Types of eating disorders include: Anorexia nervosa, Bulimia nervosa, Rumination disorder

Factitious Disorders

These psychological disorders are those in which an individual acts as if he or she has an illness, often be deliberately faking or exaggerating symptoms or even self-inflicting damage to the body. Types of factitious disorders include: Munchausen syndrome, Munchausen syndrome by proxy, Ganser syndrome

Impulse-Control Disorders

Impulse-control disorders are those that involve an inability to control impulses, resulting in harm to oneself or others. Types of impulse-control disorders include: Kleptomania (stealing), Pyromania (fire-starting), Trichotillomania (hair-pulling), Pathological gambling, Intermittent explosive disorder, Dermatillomania (skin-picking)

Mental Disorders Due to a General Medical Condition

This type of psychological disorder is caused by an underlying medical condition. Medical conditions can cause psychological symptoms such as catatonia and personality changes. Examples of mental disorders due to a general medical condition include: Psychotic disorder due to epilepsy, Depression caused by diabetes, AIDS related psychosis, Personality changes due to brain damage

Mood Disorders

Mood disorder is a term given to a group of mental disorders that are all characterized by changes in mood. Examples of mood disorders include: Bipolar disorder, Major depressive disorder, Cyclothymic disorder

Personality Disorders

Personality disorders create a maladaptive pattern of thoughts, feelings, and behaviors that can cause serious detriments to relationships and other life areas. Types of personality disorders include: Antisocial personality disorder, Avoidant personality disorder, Borderline personality disorder, Dependent personality disorder, Histrionic personality disorder, Narcissistic personality disorder, Obsessive-compulsive personality disorder, Paranoid personality disorder, Schizoid personality disorder, Schizotypal personality disorder

Psychotic Disorders

Psychotic disorders are those that involve a loss of contact with reality. People experiencing psychotic disorders may experience hallucinations and often display disorganized thinking. Delusional beliefs are another common characteristic of this class of psychological disorders. Types of psychotic disorders include: Schizophrenia, Delusional disorder

Sexual and Gender Identity Disorders

Sexual disorders are those that impact sexual functioning, while gender identity disorders are those that involve a discontentment with the biological sex a person was born with. Examples of sexual disorders: Erectile dysfunction, Paraphilias

Sleep Disorders

Sleep disorders involve an interruption in sleep patterns. These disorders can have a negative impact on both physical and mental health. Examples of sleep disorders include: Narcolepsy, Sleep terror disorder, Sleepwalking disorder, Primary insomnia

Somatoform Disorders

Somatoform disorder is a class of psychological disorder that involves physical symptoms that do not have a physical cause. These symptoms usually mimic real diseases or injuries. It is important to note somatoform disorders differ from factitious disorders; people suffering from somatoform disorders are not faking their symptoms. Conversion disorder, Somatization disorder, Hypochondriasis, Body dysmorphic disorder, Pain disorder

Substance Related Disorders

Substance-related disorders are those that involve the use and abuse of different substance, such as cocaine, methamphetamine, opiates and alcohol. These disorders can include dependence, abuse, psychosis, anxiety, intoxication, delirium and withdrawal that results from the use of various substances. Examples of substance-related psychological disorders include: Alcohol abuse, Caffeine-induced anxiety disorder, Cocaine withdrawal

Find the terms for these definitions:

1) an anxiety disorder characterized by anxiety in situations where the sufferer perceives certain environments as dangerous or uncomfortable, often due to the environment’s vast openness or crowdedness.

2) a relatively rare form of child abuse that involves the exaggeration or fabrication of illnesses or symptoms by a primary caretaker

3) a severe condition that may develop after a person is exposed to one or more traumatic events, such as serious injury or the threat of death

4) a progressive disease that destroys memory and other important mental functions.

5) an eating disorder characterized by immoderate food restriction and irrational fear of gaining weight, as well as a distorted body self-perception.

6) a mental disorder characterized by at least two distinct and relatively enduring identities or dissociated personality states that alternately control a person’s behavior, and is accompanied by memory impairment for important information not explained by ordinary forgetfulness.

7) a behavioral disorder characterized by extreme expressions of anger, often to the point of uncontrollable rage, that are disproportionate to the situation

8) a personality disorder in which the individual is described as being excessively preoccupied with issues of personal adequacy, power, prestige and vanity

9) a chronic neurological disorder caused by the brain’s inability to regulate sleep-wake cycles normally

10) an unpleasant state of inner turmoil, often accompanied by nervous behavior, such as pacing back and forth, somatic complaints and rumination

Say which of these statements are true or false

true

false

it was estimated that as many as 18 % of American adults suffer from at least one eating disorder

cognitive disorders are also referred to as childhood disorders

factitious disorders are those in which an individual acts as if he or she has an illness, often be deliberately faking or exaggerating symptoms

Sleep disorder can have a negative impact on both physical and mental health.

people suffering from somatoform disorders are not faking their symptoms.

Types of anxiety disorders include: Generalized anxiety disorder, Agoraphobia, Social anxiety disorder, Phobias, Panic disorder, Post-traumatic stress disorder, Autism, Attention-deficit hyperactivity disorder, Separation anxiety


Предлагаем вашему вниманию журналы, издающиеся в издательстве «Академия Естествознания»
(Высокий импакт-фактор РИНЦ, тематика журналов охватывает все научные направления)

«Фундаментальные исследования» список ВАК ИФ РИНЦ = 1.074