Biogeocenology is a scientific discipline that explores the regularities of formation, functioning and development of ecosystems, the branch of knowledge at the interface of biology (ecology) and geography. Biogeocenology was born in the depths of geobotany, but subsequently developed at the junction of biological and geographical Sciences, reflecting the integrated level of study of living nature. Every year the relevance of the biogeocenotic increases, owing to the rapidly changing environmental conditions, anthropogenic factors and the need to use scientific approach in the organization of environmental activities.
The founder of the biogeocenotic – Vladimir Nikolaevich Sukachev. He identified the main provisions of the biogeocenotic, its theoretical and practical tasks, connection with other Sciences, program and direction of research.
The main object of study of biogeocenotic is the deposition historically formed aggregate of living organisms (biocenosis) and the abiotic environment with which they occupy the surface area of the earth (biotope).
In biogeocenology are used the methods used as in biological (ecology, biogeochemistry, anatomy, physiology, etc.) and abiotic (physics, chemistry, geodesy, meteorology, etc.) Sciences. They are divided into field, laboratory, experimental, and quantitative (mathematical modelling) techniques.
Biogeocenology plays an important role in the practice of forestry and agriculture. Also this science is important for studying the environment of human life on Earth and for space exploration, protection of industrial goods, foodstuffs, feed from damage biological components of the biosphere, for the protection of nature.
Biogeocenology is associated with such sciences as botany, zoology, phytosociology, geobotany, ecology, soil science, microbiology, and landscape science, climatology, geochemistry, medicine and others.