Научная электронная библиотека
Монографии, изданные в издательстве Российской Академии Естествознания

PLACEMENT TEST

1. Read the text and choose the right word.

WHO INVENTED GOOGLE?

A search engines is a program that 1. ________ the Internet and finds web pages for the user based on the keywords 2. _________ you submit.

The very popular search engine called Google 3. ___________ by Larry Page and Sergey Brin.

Google 4. ____________ after a googol – the name for the number 1 followed by 100 zeros – found in the book Mathematics and the Imagination by Edward Kasner and James Newman. To Google’s founders the name represents the immense amount of information that a search engine
5. ___________ process.

In 1995, Larry Page and Sergey Brin 6. __________ at Stanford University as graduate students in computer science. By January of 1996, they began collaborating on writing 7. _______ program for a search engine dubbed BackRub, named after its ability to do back link analysis.

Next, fueled by the excellent reviews that BackRub received, Larry Page and Sergey Brin began 8. _________ on Google. Operating out of their dorm rooms, they built a server network using cheap, used, and borrowed PCs. They bought terabytes of disks 9. ___________ discount prices. They tried 10. __________ their search engine technology; however, they couldn’t find 11. __________ who wanted their product at an early stage of development. Page and Brin decided 12. _________ Google, seek more financing, improve the product, and take it to the public themselves.

Google finally became a hot commodity. Co-founder of Sun Microsystems, Andy Bechtolsheim said after a quick demo of Google, «Instead of us discussing all the details, why don’t I just write you a check?»

The $100,000 check was made out to Google Inc., however, Google Inc. as a legal entity
13. ___________. Larry Page and Sergey Brin incorporated within two weeks, cashed that check, and raised $900,000 more for their initial funding.

14. ___________ September of 1998, Google Inc. opened in Menlo Park, California and Google.com, a beta search engine, was answering 10,000 search queries every day. On September 21, 1999, Google officially 15. ______________ the beta (test status) from its title.

 

A

B

C

D

1.

is searching

searches

searched

has been searching

2.

which

when

that

what

3.

was invented

invented

is invented

to be invented

4.

was named

is named

named

were named

5.

have to

must

is able to

has to

6.

were met

have met

met

meet

7.

a

the

-

some

8.

work

working

works

to working

9.

on

for

by

at

10.

to license

licensed

have licensed

licensing

11.

no one

anyone

someone

somebody

12.

to keep

keeping

kept

keep

13.

had not exist

has not exist

did not exist

do not exist

14.

-

by

on

In

15.

removed

remove

removing

was removing

2. Read the text and choose the right word or word combination from the box.

supports binary flash architectures security user interface bug plugin compatibility free YouTube software packages Linux public domain display

OPEN SOURCE FLASH MOVIE PLAYER GNASH 0.8.10

By Juergen Haas, About.com Guide February 28, 2012

The latest update of Flash Player Gnash, not to be confused with accounting software GnuCash, brings various 1. ___________ _______________ enhancements, efficiency improvements and 2. ________-______ fixes.

Gnash is one of the projects on the Free Software Foundation’s high priority list. This is a list of projects for developing 3. __________ ___________for which there are currently no fully functional free alternatives.

Gnash is intended to become a 4. ________ software version of the Adobe Flash Player and is mostly already functional. It is the only free flash/shockwave player that 5. ____________ SWF v7 and many SWF v8 and v9 features. 6. _____________ with ActionScript 2.0 has been implemented as well. It can be used as a standalone program to play 7. _________ movies or it can be run as a Firefox 8. __________. Plugins for Chromium and Konqueror are also available.

Since Adobe only provides an official Flash player for x86 processor based
9. ____________________ systems, there is a need for providing a player for other processor architectures. Unlike the Adobe player, which is released only in 10. ______________________ form, the open source Gnash project can be compiled and run on many more
11. __________________, including AMD64, MIPS/Irix, PowerPC, and BSD based systems.

Gnash produces high quality video 12. __________ using OpenGL and is compatible with streaming video sharing formats used for example by 13. ___________. The software is extensible and you can import your own modules into the player. It gives you full control over all network connections to improve 14. ____________.

Gnash is distributed under the GNU General Public License. It is based on GameSWF, which is also 15. __________ ____________ software. The development of Gnash is being led by Rob Savoye. Volunteers are welcome to participate in this and other GNU projects.

PLACEMENT TEST

ANSWER SHEET

Name_______________________ Date ______________________

1. Tick (V) the right letter.

 

A

B

C

D

1.

       

2.

       

3.

       

4.

       

5.

       

6.

       

7.

       

8.

       

9.

       

10.

       

11.

       

12.

       

13.

       

14.

       

15.

       

2. Put the right word or word combination from the box.

1.

 

2.

 

3.

 

4.

 

5.

 

6.

 

7.

 

8.

 

9.

 

10.

 

11.

 

12.

 

13.

 

14.

 

15.

 

Предлагаем вашему вниманию журналы, издающиеся в издательстве «Академия Естествознания»
(Высокий импакт-фактор РИНЦ, тематика журналов охватывает все научные направления)

«Фундаментальные исследования» список ВАК ИФ РИНЦ = 1.074