Научная электронная библиотека
Монографии, изданные в издательстве Российской Академии Естествознания

Appendix 4.

УСТОЙЧИВЫЕ ВЫРАЖЕНИЯ В НАУЧНОЙ РЕЧИ

Представление, знакомство

Good day/ morning/ evening.

Let me introduce myself. I am …

I am an undergraduate student of ….. department.

My major is ….

My scientific supervisor is …

The topic of my project is …

Введение

The

this

paper

article

text

chapter

is about …is devoted to …

is concerned with

 

The research paper

focuses on deals with

discusses

the questions the problems

the issues

of …

This paper

article

text

chapter

presents

discusses

new

complex

structural

approach to …

study of …

analysis of ...

 

Цели и задачи исследования

The aim of this

paper

article

text

chapter

research

is to

find

discuss

describe

examine

study

This paper

aims at…is aimed at

 

 

One of the

main

principle

key

primary

goal

purpose

task

is to

investigate …

establish …

discuss …

analyze…

The paper

points out emphasizes analyzes

   

Проблемы исследования

I’ d like to

dwell on

touch upon

consider

discuss

the problem

a question

of …

The problem

question

to be studied

raised

considered

studied

discussed

under consideration

is …

 

Объект исследования

The subject

object

topic

of the

work

paper

text

chapter

research

investigation

is …

Методы исследования

In this study

I

we have

adopted applied

developed

an innovative

a promising

a scientific

a new

a modern

approach to

test …

simulate …

analyze …

I

we have

developed offered provided relied on

tried

used

a method of

 

The analysis investigation research

is based on

evidence
calculations

 

The research

rests on focuses on involves

observation

 

The method approach

helps to allows

serves for

investigate
illuminate

 

The method

provides

reasonable

objective

criteria

 

Состояние изученности проблемы

Much

little

has been

is

said

written

done

on …

in the field of …

At present there is a growing interest in …

We are totally ignorant about …

The question still remains open.

We know little/much about ….

 

Обзор литературы

There is

vast

enormous

literature on …

Some

Almost all the

observes

scientists

emphasize that …

say that …

doubt that …

recognized that …

concentrate their attention on …

The question has been widely discussed in literature.

Recently a considerable amount of work has been done in …

Существующие концепции и точки зрения

The basic idea is that …

It led to the formulation of the new concept of …

This is a current doctrine.

The concept

ignores …

involves …

clarifies …

states …

was introduced by …

is based on …

Теория

A new theory was

elaborated

worked out

developed

formulated

applied to ….

based on …

borrowed from …

The theory

gained support among …

isn’t clear.

is scientifically valid.

is attractive.

holds that …

doesn’t explain …

Выдвижение гипотезы

It is necessary to

One may

We

accept

put forward

propose

assume

confirm

the hypothesis

a working hypothesis

on …

regarding …

Общепринятые положения

It is

generally accepted

far from being accepted

acknowledged

agreed

recognized

assumed

commonly known

a well-known fact

that …

 

Ссылка на источники

It has

It contains

There are

reference

no reference

many references

to …

Структура работы

The structure of this paper is as follows.

The first part

section

chapter

reviews

describes

clarifies

outlines …

that …

The second part

section

chapter

dwells on

enlarges upon

shows

argues

that …

The final part

proposes

summarizes

that …

Результаты и выводы

Thus the problem of …

Therefore the problem of …

is a serious and important one.

is of current importance.

 

Finally, the author

outlines

concludes

emphasizes

comes to the conclusion

that …

To conclude, this paper has

explored

investigated

shown

established

that …

In conclusion it is

said

established

stated

that …

The main findings of the study

reveal

show

that …

The obtained results can be

directly applied to the process of …

 

Высказывание предположений

If

we assume

we believe

it is assumed

that…

It

is possible to assume

had been assumed

might be natural to assume

must be admitted

may be suggested

that…

There is

a

little

no

reason to

think

believe

assume

suppose

Аргументация, объяснение

It

is explained

cannot be explained

in terms of …

It is

difficult to

clear to

explain.

interpret.

It

is argued

has been argued

that…

in favor of …

against

The argument

for

against

is based on …

is not conclusive

Выражение уверенности, сомнения

It is

acceptable

hardly acceptable

sufficient to say

not Sufficient to say

likely

unlikely

that …

There is

doubt

no doubt

little doubt

that …

Выражение благодарности

I am grateful

to professor N for

this information

discussing the project

indispensible assistance

attention

encouragement

I would like to

thank

acknowledge special gratitude to

professor N

all relevant agencies

my colleagues

the following scholars…


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(Высокий импакт-фактор РИНЦ, тематика журналов охватывает все научные направления)

«Фундаментальные исследования» список ВАК ИФ РИНЦ = 1.074